Wyzwania polityki budowania państw (state-building) w doświadczeniach USA i UE. Przykład iracki

  • Grzegorz Nycz Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie


State-building policies deployed by the USA and European Union countries since 1990s
have been analysed in regards to the challenges connected with regional destabilization
and internal deconstruction. USA’s and EU’s involvement in said policies, coupled with the strengththening (or creating new) of state administration bodies, encouraging a democratic,
rule of law state and constitutional order was explained in terms of both expansion of
Western influence and as actual attempts at improving international security by replacing
fallen countries with stable democratic ones.
A common direction for American and European actions were large-scale interventions. Their
aim was both to provide foundation for democratic state structure and to improve international
security by removing the “safety vacuum” that existed in areas outside international alliances
of internally-conflicted states which were home to movements threatening the order set by
world powers and organizations of regional co-operation.
The instruments used by the USA and the EU in their state-building policies connected with
supporting democratization processes point to common ideology in terms of structural and
axiological foundations of democratic rule. Additionally, as evidenced by their activity in Iraq,
both aim at international popularization of said actions.
Key words: state-building, USA, EU, democratization, Iraq