The Anti-Nationalism of Young Communists in Poland after WW2

  • Katarzyna Bielińska-Kowalewska Centrum Medyczne Kształcenia Podyplomowego


The aim of this paper is to outline the anti-nationalist stance of the young Polish communist
intellectuals, later known as “revisionists”, between 1945 and 1956. It is analyzed in the
context of the alliance of the communist power with the nationalist right and far right,
and especially in the context of anti-Semitism. It seems that anti-nationalism played a very
important role in both the so-called “accession to Marxism” and the “abandonment of
Marxism” by these “revisionists” in the course of their ideological evolution as Polish “real
socialism” was revealing its nationalist face.
Key words: Marxism, nationalism, anti-nationalism, anti-Semitism, Stalinism, Poland,
communism, revisionism