Realizm polityczny i imponderabilia. Józef Piłsudski i jego pojmowanie polskiej racji stanu na arenie międzynarodowej

  • Marek Kornat Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie


The author tries to reconsider Marshal Piłsudski’s main ideas of Polish foreign policy
after the regaining of the independence (1918) and especially in the last nine years of his
life and dictatorship in Poland (1926-1935). During the Polish-Soviet war (1919-1920) he
unsuccessfully promoted the “federalist solution” for Lithuanians, Belarussians, Ukrainians
as the “successor nations” of the ancient Jagiellonian Commonwealth. After the coup d’etat
in May 1926 Piłsudski’s foreign policy was the “balance” strategy between two hostile Great
Powers: Germany and Soviet Russia. Under his guidance Poland wanted to remain disengaged
in terms of co-operation with either Berlin or Moscow. Piłsudski’s strategy was a mixture of
Realpolitik and idealism. It is true that his conceptions cannot be understood in categories of
the schematic opposition between his political romanticism and fidelity to the imponderabilia
from the one side and the philosophy of Realpolitik from the other side.
Key words: Marszałek Piłsudski, political realism, Poland, international relations, diplomacy